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## Cloud Guide

workforce2_cs.cs

### workforce2_cs.cs

```/* Copyright 2017, Gurobi Optimization, Inc. */

/* Assign workers to shifts; each worker may or may not be available on a
particular day. If the problem cannot be solved, use IIS iteratively to
find all conflicting constraints. */

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using Gurobi;

class workforce2_cs
{
static void Main()
{
try {

// Sample data
// Sets of days and workers
string[] Shifts =
new string[] { "Mon1", "Tue2", "Wed3", "Thu4", "Fri5", "Sat6",
"Sun7", "Mon8", "Tue9", "Wed10", "Thu11", "Fri12", "Sat13",
"Sun14" };
string[] Workers =
new string[] { "Amy", "Bob", "Cathy", "Dan", "Ed", "Fred", "Gu" };

int nShifts = Shifts.Length;
int nWorkers = Workers.Length;

// Number of workers required for each shift
double[] shiftRequirements =
new double[] { 3, 2, 4, 4, 5, 6, 5, 2, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 5 };

// Amount each worker is paid to work one shift
double[] pay = new double[] { 10, 12, 10, 8, 8, 9, 11 };

// Worker availability: 0 if the worker is unavailable for a shift
double[,] availability =
new double[,] { { 0, 1, 1, 0, 1, 0, 1, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1 },
{ 1, 1, 0, 0, 1, 1, 0, 1, 0, 0, 1, 0, 1, 0 },
{ 0, 0, 1, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1 },
{ 0, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1 },
{ 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 1, 0, 1, 0, 1, 1 },
{ 1, 1, 1, 0, 0, 1, 0, 1, 1, 0, 0, 1, 1, 1 },
{ 1, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1 } };

// Model
GRBEnv env = new GRBEnv();
GRBModel model = new GRBModel(env);

model.ModelName = "assignment";

// Assignment variables: x[w][s] == 1 if worker w is assigned
// to shift s. Since an assignment model always produces integer
// solutions, we use continuous variables and solve as an LP.
GRBVar[,] x = new GRBVar[nWorkers,nShifts];
for (int w = 0; w < nWorkers; ++w) {
for (int s = 0; s < nShifts; ++s) {
x[w,s] =
Workers[w] + "." + Shifts[s]);
}
}

// The objective is to minimize the total pay costs
model.ModelSense = GRB.MINIMIZE;

// Constraint: assign exactly shiftRequirements[s] workers
// to each shift s
for (int s = 0; s < nShifts; ++s) {
GRBLinExpr lhs = 0.0;
for (int w = 0; w < nWorkers; ++w)
}

// Optimize
model.Optimize();
int status = model.Status;
if (status == GRB.Status.UNBOUNDED) {
Console.WriteLine("The model cannot be solved "
+ "because it is unbounded");
return;
}
if (status == GRB.Status.OPTIMAL) {
Console.WriteLine("The optimal objective is " + model.ObjVal);
return;
}
if ((status != GRB.Status.INF_OR_UNBD) &&
(status != GRB.Status.INFEASIBLE)) {
Console.WriteLine("Optimization was stopped with status " + status);
return;
}

// Do IIS
Console.WriteLine("The model is infeasible; computing IIS");

// Loop until we reduce to a model that can be solved
while (true) {
model.ComputeIIS();
Console.WriteLine("\nThe following constraint cannot be satisfied:");
foreach (GRBConstr c in model.GetConstrs()) {
if (c.IISConstr == 1) {
Console.WriteLine(c.ConstrName);
// Remove a single constraint from the model
model.Remove(c);
break;
}
}

Console.WriteLine();
model.Optimize();
status = model.Status;

if (status == GRB.Status.UNBOUNDED) {
Console.WriteLine("The model cannot be solved "
+ "because it is unbounded");
return;
}
if (status == GRB.Status.OPTIMAL) {
break;
}
if ((status != GRB.Status.INF_OR_UNBD) &&
(status != GRB.Status.INFEASIBLE)) {
Console.WriteLine("Optimization was stopped with status " +
status);
return;
}
}

Console.WriteLine("\nThe following constraints were removed "
+ "to get a feasible LP:");
foreach (string s in removed) {
Console.Write(s + " ");
}
Console.WriteLine();

// Dispose of model and env
model.Dispose();
env.Dispose();

} catch (GRBException e) {
Console.WriteLine("Error code: " + e.ErrorCode + ". " +
e.Message);
}
}
}
```