list data structure is central to most Python programs;
Gurobi Python programs are no exception. We'll also rely heavily on a
similar data structure, the
tuple. Tuples are crucial to
providing efficient and convenient access to Gurobi decision variables
in Gurobi Python programs. The difference between a list and a tuple
is subtle but important. We'll discuss it shortly.
Lists and tuples are both just ordered collections of Python objects.
A list is created and displayed as a comma-separated list of member
objects, enclosed in square brackets. A tuple is similar, except that
the member objects are enclosed in parenthesis. For example,
[1, 2, 3] is a list, while
(1, 2, 3) is a tuple.
['Pens', 'Denver', 'New York'] is a list, while
('Pens', 'Denver', 'New York') is a tuple.
You can retrieve individual entries from a list or tuple using square brackets and zero-based indices:
gurobi> l = [1, 2.0, 'abc'] gurobi> t = (1, 2.0, 'abc') gurobi> print(l) 1 gurobi> print(t) 2.0 gurobi> print(l) abc
What's the difference between a list and a tuple? A tuple is
immutable, meaning that you can't modify it once it has been
created. By contrast, you can add new members to a list, remove
members, change existing members, etc. This immutable property
allows you to use tuples as indices for