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### gc_pwl_c++.cpp

/* Copyright 2023, Gurobi Optimization, LLC

This example formulates and solves the following simple model
with PWL constraints:

maximize
sum c[j] * x[j]
subject to
sum A[i,j] * x[j] <= 0,  for i = 0, ..., m-1
sum y[j] <= 3
y[j] = pwl(x[j]),        for j = 0, ..., n-1
x[j] free, y[j] >= 0,    for j = 0, ..., n-1
where pwl(x) = 0,     if x  = 0
= 1+|x|, if x != 0

Note
1. sum pwl(x[j]) <= b is to bound x vector and also to favor sparse x vector.
Here b = 3 means that at most two x[j] can be nonzero and if two, then
sum x[j] <= 1
2. pwl(x) jumps from 1 to 0 and from 0 to 1, if x moves from negative 0 to 0,
then to positive 0, so we need three points at x = 0. x has infinite bounds
on both sides, the piece defined with two points (-1, 2) and (0, 1) can
extend x to -infinite. Overall we can use five points (-1, 2), (0, 1),
(0, 0), (0, 1) and (1, 2) to define y = pwl(x)
*/

#include "gurobi_c++.h"
#include <sstream>
using namespace std;

int
main(int argc,
char *argv[])
{
int n = 5;
int m = 5;
double c[] = { 0.5, 0.8, 0.5, 0.1, -1 };
double A[] = { {0, 0, 0, 1, -1},
{0, 0, 1, 1, -1},
{1, 1, 0, 0, -1},
{1, 0, 1, 0, -1},
{1, 0, 0, 1, -1} };
int npts = 5;
double xpts[] = {-1, 0, 0, 0, 1};
double ypts[] = {2, 1, 0, 1, 2};

GRBEnv* env = 0;
GRBVar* x = 0;
GRBVar* y = 0;

try {
// Env and model
env = new GRBEnv();
GRBModel model = GRBModel(*env);
model.set(GRB_StringAttr_ModelName, "gc_pwl_c++");

// Add variables, set bounds and obj coefficients
for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) {
x[i].set(GRB_DoubleAttr_LB, -GRB_INFINITY);
x[i].set(GRB_DoubleAttr_Obj, c[i]);
}

// Set objective to maximize
model.set(GRB_IntAttr_ModelSense, GRB_MAXIMIZE);

for (int i = 0; i < m; i++) {
GRBLinExpr le = 0;
for (int j = 0; j < n; j++) {
le += A[i][j] * x[j];
}
}

GRBLinExpr le1 = 0;
for (int j = 0; j < n; j++) {
le1 += y[j];
}

for (int j = 0; j < n; j++) {
}

// Optimize model
model.optimize();

for (int j = 0; j < n; j++) {
cout << "x[" << j << "] = " << x[j].get(GRB_DoubleAttr_X) << endl;
}

cout << "Obj: " << model.get(GRB_DoubleAttr_ObjVal) << endl;

}
catch (GRBException e) {
cout << "Error code = " << e.getErrorCode() << endl;
cout << e.getMessage() << endl;
}
catch (...) {
cout << "Exception during optimization" << endl;
}

delete[] x;
delete[] y;
delete env;
return 0;
}


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